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CHRONOLOGY OF MODERN HISTORY INDIA is very important if you want to remember modern history for any competitive exam like cgpsc, cgvyapam, ssc, upsc or any other state psc.

The below article is on chronology of modern india history which tell us which event happened in which year. Table below tells Indian history from year 1707 to year 1947. PDF for this article will be given below the article.


1707 – Battle of Jajau, accession of Bahadur Shah I
1708 – Death of Guru Govind Singh
1712 – Death of Bahadur Shah I, accession of Jahandar Slah
1713 – Accession of Farukh Siyar, Murder of Jahandar Shah
1714 – Hussain Ali viceroy of the Deccan, Treaty between Hussain Mi and the Marathas
1716 – Execution of Banda Bahadur, Swman Embassy to the Imperial Court.
1717 Emperor Farukh Siyar’s firman to East India Co. Appointment of Murshid Quli Khan as Governor of Bengal
1719 – Farukh Siyar put to death, accession and deposition of puppet emperors, Accession of Muhammad Shah
1720 – Fall of the Sayyid brothers
1724 – Appointment of Saadat Khan as governor of Oudh, Virtual independence of the Nizam in the Deccan, Appointment of Qamaruddin as wazir
1739 – Nadir Shah took Delhi and sacked it, death of Sujauddin and appointment of his son, Sarfaraz, as Governor of Bengal. Capture of bassein and Salsette Kha &
1740 – Aliwardi Khan defeated and killed. Sarfraz Khan became Nawab of Bengal
1742 – Marathas invaded Bengal, appointment of Duplex as Governor of Pondicherry
1744-48 First Carnatic (Anglo-French) War
1745 – Rohillas in occupied of Rohilkhand
1746 – Capture of Madras by La Bourdonnais
1747 – Invasion by Ahmad Shah Durrani or Abdali
1748 – Death of Nizam Chin Qilich Khan, death of Emperor Muhammad Shah. accession of Ahmad Shah
1749 – Restoration ofMadras to the English
1749-54 Second Carnatic War
1750 – Defeat and death of Nizam Nasir Jang after him Muzaffar Jang became Nizam
1751 – Capture and defence of Arcot by Robed Clive, death of Muzaffar Jang, accession of Salabat Jang as Nizam, conclusion of treaty by NawabAlivardi Khan with the Marathas by surrendering Cuttack
1754 – Recall of Dupleix, Godehu’s appointment as governor and his treaty with the English, accessi6n of Alamgirll
1756 – Death of Alivardi Khan (21 April) accession of Sirajuddaulab who captured Calcutta (20 June)
1757 – Recovery of Calcutta by the English (2 January), Delhi and Mathura sacked by Abmad Shah Abdali (January) treaty of Alinagat between Siraj and the English (9th Feb.), capture of Chandernagoreby the English (March), battle of Plassey (23x June), Mir Jafar installed as Nawab (28 June), capture and execution of Siiajuddaulah (2nd July).
1758-63 Third Carnatic War
1758 – Arrival of Lally in India, occupation of the Punjab by the Marathas, Manulipatnam captured by Forde.
1759 – Battle of Bedara, Prince Au Jafar, second Governorship of Clive in  Bengal, treaty of Allahabad, grant of the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa b31 Shah Alam II to the Company.
1761 Third Battle of Panipat between Maratha & Ahmed Shah Abdali
1766 – Acquisition by the company of the Northern Circars.
1766-69 First Mysore War
1767 – Departure of dive, Verelest governor in Bengal
1770 – The Great Bengal Famine
1772 – Warren Hastings Governor in Bengal, death of Peshwa Madhava Rao, accession and murder of Peshwa Narayan Rao
1773 – Enactment of the Regulating Act, Peshwaship of Raghnath Rao of Raghaba
1774 – Accession of Narayn Rao as Peshwa, the Rohilla war. Warren Hastings installed as Governor General, establishment of Supreme Court in Calcutta
1775 – Trial and execution of Nanda Kumar, commencement of the First Maratha War which continued till 1782
1776 – Treaty of Purandhar  
1779 – Convention of Wadgaon  
1 780 – Gwalior captured by General Popham, Second Mysore War (178044)  
1781 – Deposition of Chait Singh, Amendment of the Regulating Act  
1782 – Affair of the Begums of Oudh, the treaty of Salbai, death of Haider Ali  
1783 – Fox’s India Bill  
1784 – Treaty of Mangalore closed the Second Mysore War, Pitfs India Act  
1785 – Warren Hastings resigned Governor Generalship  
1786 – Lord Cornwallis appointed Governor.General  
1790 – Commencement of the Third Mysore War (1790-92)  
1792 – Treaty of Seringapatnam ended the Third P4ysore War, Ranjit Siugh became the ader of a SikhMisl  
1793 – Permanent Settlement of land revenue (Zamindari System) in Bengal, Renewal of the Company’s Charter, Retirement of Lord Cornwalis, Sir john Shore Governor General
1794 – Death of Mahadaji Sindhia
1795 – The Battle of Kharda or Khárdla, death of Ahalya Bai
1796 – Death of Peshwa Madhava Rao Narayan, Baji Rao II Peshwa
1797 – Zarnan Shah in the Punjab, death of Nawab Asafiiddaulah of Oudh
1798 – Lord Wellesley Governor General, acceptance of subsidiary alliance by the Nizam (1st state which was annexed through Subsidiary alliance).
1799 – Fourth Anglo – Mysore War, death of Tipu, fall of Seringapatnam, partition of Mysore, installation of the Hindu Raj family in Mysore, Ranjit Singh appointed Governor of Lahore by Zaman Shah, Malcolm led English tnision to Persia, opening of the Baptist Mission at Serampore by william Carey
1800 – Death of Nana Phadnavis
1801 – Carnatic annexed to the British empire. The battle of Poona, Treaty of Bassein
1803 – The SecondMarathaWar (1803-05), capture of Aligarh, Battles offleihi, Assaye, Laswari and Argaon, treaty of Deogaon and cession of Cuttack, treaty of Surji-Arjungaon
1804 – War with the Holkar, defeat of Monson, battle of Deeg
1805 – Failure of the English seige of Bharatpur, recall of Lord Wellesley, second term of Lord Cornwallins Governor General, death of Lord Cornwallis, Sir George Barlow Governor General, treaty with the Holkar
1806 – Vellore Mutiny also called White Mutiny during Governor General Lord George Barlow.
1807 – Lord Monto I appointed Governor General (1807-13)
1808 – English missions under Malcolm to Persia and under Elphinstone to Kabul
1809 – Treaty of Amritsar between the English and Ranjit Siugh
1813 – Company’s Cahrterf renewed, retirement of Lord Minto I, appointed of Lord Hastings as Governor General (1813-23)
1814 – Out break of War with Nepal (1814- 16)
1816 – Treaty of Sagauli closed war with Nepal
1817-18 – The Pindari war and the Third Marutha War, battles of Kirkee and Sitabaldi, deposition of Appa Shaheb Bhonsle, battle of Mahidpur, treaty with the Holkar
1818 – Battle of Ashti, defence of Koregaon, surrender of Peshwk Raji Rao II
1819 – Capitulation of Asirgarh, abolition of the Peshwaship and retirement of Baji Rao II Bithur as a British pensioner, protective alliances with the states of Rajputana, earthquakes
1820 – Appointment of Sir Thomas Munro as governor of Madras (1820-27)
1823 – Departure of Lord Hastings, Mr. Adams acting Governor General, Lord Amherst Governor General
1824 – The first Burmese War (182426), Barrackpore Mutiny
1826 – Fall of Bharatpur, treaty of Yandabo, annexation of Assim Arakan and Tennasserim
1827 – The Enterprise, a man-of-war propelled by steam, lay off Madras.
1828 –a.Lord William Bentinck appointed Governor General (1828-36)
 b.Brahma Samaj – By Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1829-37 Suppression of Thuggee
1830 – Annexation of Cachar, Raja Rammohan Roy visited England
1831 – Deposition of the Rajas of-Mysore and assumption of its administration by the English, journey of flumes up the Indus, meeting at Rupar between Ranjit Singh and Lord William Bentick
1832 – Annexation of Jaintia
1833 – Renewal of the Company’s Charter, various reforms Office of Governor General of India was created (meaning GG of Bengal to GG of India )
1834 – Annexation of Coorg, institution of L4w Member in Supreme Council with Lord Macaulay as the first incumbent,
1835 – Foundation of Calcutta Medical College, Education Resolution, retirement of Lord William Bentinek, Sir Charles Metcalfe officiating Governor General, abolition of Press restrictions
1836 – Appointment of Lord Auckland as Governor Genral (1836-42)
1837-38 Famine in North India
1838 Tripartite treaty of the English with Saha Shuja and Ranjit Singh
1839 – New treaty forced on the Amirs of Sind; death of Ranjit Singh, First Afghan War (1839-42), Capture of Ghazni and occupation of Kabul
1840 – Risings of Afghan tribes, deposition of Dost Muhammad  
1841 – Murders of thirties andMacnaghten by the Afghans  
1842 – British disaster in Afghanistan, retirement to Jalalabad of Dr. Brydon alone, Lord Ellenborough became Governor General (1842- 44), relief of Jalalabad, reoccupation of Kabul, restoration of Dost Muhammad British evacuation of Afghanistan.  
1843 – War with the Amirs of Sind, battles of Miani and Dabo, annexation of Sind baffle of Mahar-pur. suppression of slavery  
1844 – Recall of Lord Ellenborough, Lord Hardinge became Governor General (1844-48)  
1845 – The First Sikh War (1845-46), battles of Mudki and Ferozpur  
1846 – Battles of Aliwal and Sobraon, treaty of Lahore  
1848 – Lord Dalhousie became Governor General (1848-56), revolt of Mulraj, the Second Sikh War (1848-49), enunciation of the Doctrine of Lapse and annexation of Satan by the application of doctrine  
1849 – Battles of Chillianwalla and Gujarat, annexation of the Punjab, Bethune School for girls started in Calcutta, annexation of Jaitpur and Sambalpur  
1850 – Penal annexation of a part of Sikkim  
1852 – Second Burnese War, annexation of Pegu, death of ex-Peshwa Baji Rao II and stoppage of his pension  
1853 – Opening of first railway in India from Calcutta to Thana, laying of telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra, annexation of Nagpur & Jhansi, annexation of Berar by the Nizam, renewal of the Company’s Charter; entrance into 1.C.S. thrown open to competition – –  
1854 – Education Despatch of Sir Charles Wood  
1855 – The Santhal rebellion, was a native rebellion in present-day Jharkhand, in eastern India against both the British colonial authority and zamindari system by the Santhal people. It started on June 30, 1855 and lasted until January 3, 1856 when martial law was suspended and the movement was brutally ended by troops loyal to the British. The rebellion was led by the four Murmu Brothers – Sidhu, Kanhu, Chand and Bhairav.
1856 – Annexation of Oudh, the Indian Universities Act, Religious Disabilities Act, Hindu Widows Remarriage Act departure of Lord Dalbousie and appointment of Lord Canning as Governor General. end of Crimean War, General Service Order, Pension War, war in China (1856-60),introduction of the Enfield rifle and greased cartridges  
1857 – Beginning of the Revolt or Sepoy Mutiny, foundation of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Universities  
1858 – Trial of Emperor Bahadur Shah (Jan-March), proclamation of peace by Lord Canning (July), Act for the better government of India (August), Queen’s Proclamation (Nov), Lord Canning appointed Viceroy  
1859 – Withdrawal of Doctrine of Lapse, gradual restoration of order, indigo disputes in Bengal (1859-60) x  
1859 – Withdrawal of Doctrine of Lapse, gradual restoration of order, indigo disputes in Bengal (1859-60)  
1860 – Enactment of Indian Penal Code-.  
1861 – Indian Councils Act, establishment of High courts, Civil Service Act, Famine in N.W. India, enactment of the code of Criminal Procedure  
1862 – Retirement of Lord Canning, Lord Elgin I appointed Viceroy (1862-63),  amalgamation of Supreme and Sadar Courts into High Courts  
1864 – Sir John Lawrence appointed Viceroy (1864-68), Bhutan War  
1865 – Orissa famine (1865-67), operating of telegraphic communication with Europe  
1868 – Opening of railway from Ambala to Delhi  
1869 Lord Mayo became Viceroy (1869- 72), visit of the Duke of Edinborough
1872 Murder of Lord Mayo (first Governor General to be murdered in office by a Pathan Sher Ali in Port Blair), Lord Northbrook appointed Viceroy (1872- 76)
1873 Famine in Bihar (1873-74)
1875 Deposition of Maihar Rao Gaekwar, visit to Edward, Prince of Wales. Aligarh Muslim University founded by Syed Ahmad Khan.
1876 Retirement of Lord Northbrook, Lord Lytton I became Viceroy (1876-80), the Royal Titles Act, occupation of Quetta, outbreak of famine in the Deccan
1877 – Delhi Durbar (1 January), Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India
1878 – Vernacular Press Act, Second Afghan War (1878-80)
1880 – Resignation of Lord Lytton I, Lord Ripen Viceroy (1880-84)
1881 – Rendition of Mysore, first Factory Act first General Census
1882 – Repeal of Vernacular Press Ac Hunter Commission
1883 – Beginning of legislation establishing local self-government in India, The Ilbert Bill
1884 – Resignation of Lord Ripon, Lord Dufferin in Viceroy
1885 – Foundation of the Indian National Congress.
1889 – Foundation of British Committee of the Indian National Congress at London. The first weekly paper published by the INC –Voice of India.
1890 – Publication of India from the Platform of British Committee of National Congress
1891 – Second Factory Act was passed. 
b. Manipur rebellion
c. Passing of the Age of Consent Bill
1892 Indian Council Act was passed.
1893 Inauguration of the Ganpati festival by Tilak.
1895 a. Inauguration of the Shivaji festival by Tilak.
b. Establishment of the “Deccan Sabha” by Gokhale.
1897 – Imprisonment of Tilak for 18 months on ground of Treason
1900 The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my great ambitions while in India is to assist it to a peaceful demise.” This statements is attributed to  – Lord Curzon, in a letter to the Secretary of the state in 1900
1905a.12 June – Gopal Krishna Gokhale formed Servants of India Society who left Deccan Education Society to form this association.
  a. (July) Announcement of revised scheme of partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon.
  b. (Oct.) Partition of Bengal came into force. The partition was made on 16 October, by Viceroy Curzon. The former province of Bengal was divided into two new provinces “Bengal” (comprising western Bengal as well as the province of Bihar and Orissa) and Eastern Bengal and Assam with Dacca as the capital of the latter.
  The Indian Home Rule Society (IHRS) was an Indian organisation founded in London in 1905 that sought to promote the cause of self-rule in British India. The organisation was founded by Shyamji Krishna Varma, with support from a number of prominent Indian nationalists in Britain at the time, including Bhikaji Cama, Dadabhai Naoroji and S.R. Rana
  c. (Nov.) Establishment of the National Council of Education
1906 a. (Dec.) Foundation of Indian Muslim League at Dhaka,
  b. INC passed a resolution on Swadesi, Swaraj, Boycott Movement & National Education at its annual session at Calcutta.
  b. Starting of a National College with Aurobindo Ghosh as principal in Calcutta.
1907 a. Surat Session of INC – Congress splits into extremists and moderates
Rash Behari Ghosh was the President
  b. First Annual Session of the Muslim League at Karanchi.
  c. August 1907, Madam Bhikhaji Cama attended the second Socialist Congress at StuttgartGermany, where she described the devastating effects of a famine that had struck the Indian subcontinent. She unfurled what she called the “Flag of Indian Independence”.
1908 Imprisonment of Tilak for 6 years – sent to Mandalay Jail [Presently- Myanmar (Burma)] for seditious writing in his paper Kesari.
  April 30, 1908 – Khudiram Bose, a boy of 18, sentenced to death on April 30, 1908 for attempting to murder Kingsfords, the Chief Presidency Magistrate at Muzaffarpur,who had ordered  severe flogging to some young men for minor offences.
  In 1908 a revolutionary conspiracy was intrigued to kill the Chief Presidency Magistrate D.H. Kingford of Muzaffarpur. The task was entrusted to Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki. They threw the bombs on a vehicle coming out of the magistrate’s home on April 30, 1908. The magistrate could not be killed as he was not in the vehicle, but two British ladies were killed in the attack. Prafulla Chaki committed suicide after cornered by the Police and Khudi Ram Bose was arrested.
  Emperor vs Aurobindo Ghosh and others, colloquially referred to as the Alipore Bomb Case, the Muraripukur conspiracy, or the Manicktolla bomb conspiracy, was a criminal case held in India in 1908. The case saw the trial of a number of Indian nationalists of the Anushilan Samiti in Calcutta, under charges of “Waging war against the Government” of the British Raj. The trial was held at Alipore Sessions Court, Calcutta, between May 1908 and May 1909. The trial followed in the wake of the attempt on the life of Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford in Muzaffarpur by Bengali nationalists Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki in April 1908, which was linked to the attempts to derail the train carrying Lieutenant-Governor Sir Andrew Fraser in December 1907. Among the famous accused were Aurobindo Ghosh, his brother Barin Ghosh as well as 37 other Bengali nationalists of the Anushilan Samiti. Most of the accused were arrested from Barin Ghosh’s Garden house in 36 Murarirupukur Road, in the Manicktolla suburb of Calcutta. The accused were held in the Presidency Jail in Alipore before the trial, where Narendranath Goswami, approver and crown-witness, was shot dead by two fellow accused Kanailal Dutta and Satyendranath Bose within the jail premises. Goswami’s murder led to collapse of the case against Aurobindo. However, his brother Barin and a number of others were convicted of the charges and faced varying jail terms from life-imprisonment to shorter jail terms.
1909 Indian Council Act or Morley Minto Reforms was passed
1911 a. Coronation of Delhi Darbar.
  b. Partition of Bengal was revoked
  c. Announcement of transfer of capital from Calcutta to Delhi
1912 a. (Dee.) Bomb thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi.

  b. Transfer of capital to Delhi.

  c. Constitution of separate provinces of Bihar & Orissa,  
1914 Annie Beasant started her newspaper New India
1915 a. Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa.
  b. Foundation of Sabarmati Ashram by Gandhi at Abmedabad.
1916 a. (April) Foundation of Home Rule League by Tilak. He earned the epithet of Lokmanya during this movement.
  b. (Sept) Foundation of Home Rule League by Annie Besant
  c. Foundation of Banaras Hindu University by Pt Madan Mohan Malviya.
  d. Unity between moderates and extremists with the return of extremists to the congress.
  e. Lucknow Pact in which an agreement was made between Congress & Muslim league. 
  f. Foundation of women’s university at Poona.
1917 a. (April) Champaran Satyagrah by Gandhiji.

  b. (20 Aug) The Congress and the Muslim league dropped the programme of passive resistance. 

  c. Formation of Rowlatt Committee.

  d. Annie Besant dropped the Home Rule Movement.  
1918 a. (March) Organisation of first All- India Depressed Classes Conference,

  b. Ahmedabad Satyagrah by Gandhi.

  c. Kheda Satyagrah @ Gujarat by Gandhi
1919a.(Feb.) Foundation of Satyagrah Sabba by Gandhiji against the of Rowlatt Bill
 b.6th April- Beginning of Rowlatt Satyagrah & all India hartal called by Gandhi
 c.(13 April) Jalianwala Bagh Massacre
 d.(15 April) Martial law in Punjab.
 e.(Oct.) Appointment of the Hunter Committee for the investigation of Jaliyanwala Bagh Masaccre.
 f.Nov Foundation of All India Khilafat Committee. (Khilafat Movement from 1919- 1924). Mahatma Gandhi was elected as the President of All India Khilafat Conference held in Delhi in 1919. The Khilafat movement (1919–22) was a pan-Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims of India to influence the British government not to abolish the Caliphate of Turkey (Ottoman Empire). In India by  Ali Brothers (Mohammad Ali & Shaukat Ali)
 g.Dec. Montague – Chelmsford Reforms or the Govt. of India Act 1919 was passed 
 h.Gandhi elected as the President of All — India Khilafat Committee at Delhi
 i.Formation of National Liberation Federation.
1920 a. (June) Passing of Non-cooperation proposal by Khilafat committee in Allahabad
  b. (1 August) Launching of Non-cooperation Movement by the Congress
  On 4 September 1920, Congress met at Calcutta in a special session. This special session was presided by Lala Lajpat RaiIn this session Gandhi wrongly projected that if the Non-cooperation movement gets successful, Swaraj could be attained in One year. This was something immediately repudiated by CR Das.
  c. (Dec.) Approval and ratification of the policy of non-violent non-cooperation by the congress in the Nagpur Session.  
  d. First meeting of All India Trade Union Congress 
  e. Foundation of the Aligarh Muslim University:
1921 a. (3 Jan) The inauguration of the new constitution according to the Government of India Act 1919
b. (1 Feb) Gandhi decided to embark on Mass Civil Disobedience at Bardoli.
  c. (July) Passing a resolution by All India Khilafat Committee prohibited Muslim to serve British Indian Army
  d. (Aug.) Moplah rebellion in Malabar coast – or the Malabar Rebellion was an extended version of the Khilafat Movement in Kerala in 1921. The Government had declared the Congress and Khilafat meetings illegal. So, a reaction in Kerala began against the crackdown of the British in Eranad and Valluvanad taluks of Malabar.
  e. Foundation of Chamber of Princess
1922 a. (Feb.) Announcement of starting of mass civil disobedience by Gandhi 
  b. (Feb) Chauri-Choura incident and suspension of the Non-cooperation Movement
  c. Opposition of Congress Programmes in Gaya Session –
  d. (May) Vishva Bharti University started by Rabindranath Tagore – 
  e. (Dec) Foundation of Swaraj Party by CR Das & Motilal Nehru who wanted to contest elections under the Act of 1919 and enter the legislature. Liberty given to the people of native states to become a member of Congress
1923 Compromise between Swarajijsts and the No Changers in the congress in the special session of the Congress in Delhi
1924 Belgaun Session & Gandhi as President
  Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was a revolutionary organization of India established in 1924 in East Bengal by Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Narendra Mohan Sen and Pratul Ganguly as an offshoot of Anushilan Samiti. Its objective was to establish a “Federated Republic of the United States of India” through an organized and armed revolution.
1925 a. Foundation of the Communist Party by M.N. Roy 
  c. Vitthalbhai Patel elected as the President in Centre Legislature
  9 August 1925 – The Kakori Conspiracy (or Kakori train robbery or Kakori Case) was a train robbery that took place between Kakori and, near Lucknow, on 9 August 1925 during the Indian Independence Movement against the British Indian Government. The robbery was organised by the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA). The robbery was conceived by RamPrasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan who belonged to the HRA, which later became the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. This organisation was established to carry out revolutionary activities against the British Empire in India with the objective of achieving independence.
1926 a. First All India Non-Brahmin Conference held at Belgaum under the President ship of Ramaswamy

  b. Announcement of four-point programme k co-operation with the congress by Md. Au Jinnah lathe Nagpur session of Muslim league  
1927 a. (Nov.) Appointment of the Simon Commission (the statutory commission) containing 7 members.
  b. (Dec.) Passing of “Delhi Proposals” by Muslim leaders
  c. Boycott of Simon Commission in Madras session of Congress 
  d. Foundation of All India Praja Conference, First session under the Presidentship of Diwan Bahadur M. Ramachandra
  Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) was a revolutionary organisation, also known as Hindustan Socialist Republican Army established in 1928 at Feroz Shah Kotla in New Delhi by Chandrasekhar AzadBhagat SinghSukhdev Thapar and others. Previously it was known as Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) whose written constitution and published manifesto titled The Revolutionary were produced as evidence in the Kakori conspiracy case of 1925.
1928a. (Feb.) Arrival of Simon Commission in Bombay
 b. (Feb.) All Party Conference in Delhi and demand of Dominion Status
 c.Formation of 8 members committee for framing of Constitution under Motilal Nehru
 d.(Aug.) Presentation of Nehru Report
 e.Assault on Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab during the Boycott of the Simon Commission. (He died as a result of injuries)
 f.(Nov.) Foundation of Independence League by Subhash and Nehru
 g.Appointment of Butler Committee
 h.Baradoli Satyagraha under the leadership of Vallabhai Patel on the issue of increase of revenue attempted by Government.
 i.(Dec.) Demand given by Jinnab in All India Party Conference in Calcutta for the development of Muslim majority areas and reservation for Muslims.
 j. (Dec.) Warning given to the Government in Calcutta session of Congress that if Government did not accept,-Nehru Report till 31st Dec, 1929, Congress would begin Civil Disobedience Movement
1929a.(Jan.) Announcement of 14 points demands by Jinnab in the Muslim League meeting at Delhi.
 c.(April) Dropping of the bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly by Bhagat Singh Batukeshwar Dutt. 
 d.(18 Aug.) Observation of “Political Sufierers Day” by the All India Congress Committee.
 e.September 1929 – Jatin Das, an Indian independence activist and revolutionary died in Lahore jail after a 63-day hunger strike.
 f.(31 Oct.) Announcement the goal of British policy in India that is granting of the Dominion status by Lord Irwin.
 g.(31 Dec.) Passing the resolution for of Purna Swaraj (complete independence) by the Indian National Congress in Lahore Session under the presidentship of Jawaharlal Nehru on the bank of river Ravi.
 h.In Lahore session it was decided to celebrate 26 January, 1930 as Independence day.
 i.(31 Dec.) Dropping on Nehru Report 
 j.Report of Butler Committee
k.Hoisting of tricolour flag for the first time on 31 Dec.
 l.Khudai Khidmatgar literally translates as the servants of God, represented a non-violent struggle against the British Empire by the Pathans of Afghans of the North-West Frontier Province of British India (now in Pakistan). Also called “Surkh Posh” or “Red Shirts”, it was originally a social reform organisation focussing on education. The movement was led by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, known locally as Bacha Khan or Badshah Khan.
1930a.(26 Jan.) The Congress observed Indian Independence Day (14 Feb.) Passing of the Civil Disobedience resolution by the working committee of the congress. 
 b.(2 March) Eleven Points demands of Gandhi given to Irwin 
 c.12 March 1930 – Launching of the Civil Disobedience Movement with the famous Dandi March which started from Sabarmati Ashram, Gujarat for Salt Satyagraha (6 April) & Violation of Salt Law.
  April 1, 1930- Sarda Act – ‘Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929 passed on 28 September 1929 in the British India Legislature of India, fixed the age of marriage for girls at 14 years and boys at 18 years. It is popularly known as the Sarda Act, after its sponsor Harbilas Sarda. It came into effect six months later on April 1, 1930 and it applies to all of British India, not just to Hindus.
 d.May – Publication of Simon Commission Report 
 e.(Nov.) The first Round Table Conference in London without the participation of the Congress & convened by British PM Ramsay McDonald. 1st RTC Opened by – King George V
1931a.5 March – Gandhi & Irwin pact 
 b.Suspension of Civil Disobedience Movement by Gandhi
 c.(Sept) Second Round Table Conference – Gandhi took part in the 2nd RTC as the sole representative of the Congress.
 d.2nd RTC failed over question of Communal representation.
 e.24 March, Execution of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdeo and Rajguru
1932a.Jan – Beginning of Second phase of the Civil Disobedience Movement
 b.Aug – Announcement of “Communal Award” by the British Prime Minister Ramsay Mac Donald 
 c.Sept 16 – Gandhi began “fast unto death”  at Yerwada Jail to protest against Award (Sept.) Poona Pact between Gandhi and Ambedkar and other scheduled castes representatives
 d.Sept 30 – All India Harijan Sevak Sangh by Mahatma Gandhi to remove untouchability in the society.
 e.Nov –Third Round Table Conference without the participation of the Congress ends without any settlement
1933a.White paper on constitutional development
 b.May Suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement by the Congress
 c.Aug. Beginning of Individual Civil Disobedience
1934a. (May) Withdrawal of civil disobedience Movement 
 b.Beginning of Harijan work by Gandhiji
 c.(17 May) Foundation of Congress Socialist Party by Acharya Narendra Dev and Jai Prakash Narain first meeting in Patna.
 d.(21-22 Oct.) First open session of Congress Socialist Party in Bombay under the Presidentship of Sampoorna Nand.
1935 (Aug.) The Government of India Act was passed
1936 Formation of the first All .— India Peasant Organisation, the All India Kisan Sabba with Sahjananda as the President. .

1937a.(April) Provincial autonomy according to the Government of India Act 1935 – Came into force
 b.(3 Sept.) WorldWar II broke out and the viceroy declared India a belligerent country. 
 c.Resignation of the Congress Ministries in the province against the war policy 
 d.(22 Dec.) Observance of the Day of Deliverance from the tyranny of the Congress rule at the instance of Jinnah by the Muslim League
 e.All India Praja Conference under the Presidentship of Jawaharlel Nehru
1939a.52nd Session of INC @ TRIPURI: Subhash Chandra Bose was re-elected the President of INC at the Tripuri Session in 1939 by defeating the Gandhi ji’s Candidate Pattabhai Sitaramaiyya. He demanded that the Congress should deliver a six-months’ ultimatum to Britain and in the event of its rejection a country-wide struggle for ‘Poorna Swaraj’ should be launched. His warning and advice went unheeded, his powers as President were sought to be curtailed. He, therefore, resigned in April 1939, and announced, in May 1939, the formation of the Forward Block within the Congress.
b.“Day of Deliverance” was a celebration day marked by Muslim League and others on 22 December 1939 during the Indian Independence movement. It was led by Muslim League President Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and intended to rejoice the resignation of all members of the rival Congress party from provincial and central offices in protest over the decision to enter World War II.
1940 (March) Passing of the Pakistan Resolution in the Lahore session by the Muslim League.
  (10 Aug.) Announcement of ‘August Offer” During the course of the 2nd World War, in order to secure the cooperation of the Indians, the British Government made an announcement on 8 August 1940, which came to be known as the ‘August Offer’, which proposed – * Dominion status as the objective for India. * Expansion of viceroy’s executive council & setting up of a constituent        assembly after the war consisting of Indians to   **decide their constitution according to their social, economic and political          conceptions   **subject to fulfilment of the obligation of the Government regarding defence,        minority rights, treaties with states & all India services * No future constitution to be adopted without the consent of minorities.
  c. (Aug. 18-22) Rejection of August Offer by the Congress working committee. Nehru said, “Dominion status concept is dead as a door nail”
  d. (17 Oct.) Launching of ‘Individual Satyagraha’ movement by the congress starting with Vinoda Bhave as first President and Jawaharlal Nehru on the second.
1941 a. Death of Rabindranath Tagore 
  b. (17 Jan.) Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India
  c. Suspension of Individual Satyagraha Movement in Bardoli session
1942 a. (March) Arrival of Cripps Mission
  b. (April) The Congress President, Maulana Azad rejected the Cripps Commission Draft Declaration
  c. (14 July) The Congress working committee passed the Qult India Resolution 
  d. (8 August) The passing of the Quit India Resolution at the All India Congress Committee at Bombay
  e. (12 August) Cripps left India on the failure of his mission
  f. Beginning of Quit India Movement
  g. (1 Sept.) Formal Establishment of Indian National Army (And Hind Fauj) by Subhash Chandra Bose.
1943 a. Beginning of Gandhi’s historical 21 day fast (To show flith in non violence and purification of self)
b. (Oct.21) Proclamation of S.C. Rose to form the Provisional Government of Free India
c. (Dec.) Adoption of the slogan Divide and Quit by the Muslim League in Karanchi sesion    
1944 (Sept) Gandhi met Jinnah to discuss the C. Rajagopalachari Formula
1945 a. (Dec.) The trial of the I.N.A. prisoners
b. General Election in India
c. Viceroy Wavell organised the Simla Conference to discuss Wavell Plan d. Desai Liaqat Pact  
1946 a. (Feb. 18) Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings n Bombay (Talwar)
  b. (15 March) Announcement of Cabinet Mission by the British Prime Minister Attlee 
  c. (24 March) Arrival of Cabinet Mission to Delhi
  d. (16 May) The Cabinet Mission Plan was announced 
  e. (16 June) The Cabinet Mission outlined the procedure for fanning the interim Government 
  f. (24 July) Muslim League withdraw its acceptance of the Cabinet Mission Plan and called for direct action to achieve Pakistan. 
  g. (July) Elections to the Constituent Assembly as provided in the Cabinet Mission Plan.
  h. (14 Aug.) Jawaharlal Nehru invited to form the interim Government at the centre 
  i. (16 Aug.) The Direct Action Day observed by the Muslim League followed by riots all over India.
  j. (2 Sept.) Formation of the interim Govt.
  k. (26 Oct.) Muslim League joined the interim Govt.
  l. (9.Dec.) First Session of the Constituent Assembly. Muslim League Boycotted Constituent Assembly
1947 a. (20 Feb.) Declaration of British prime minister Atlee made a historic announcement of the end of British rule in India (and Transfer of power to the responsible Indian hands by a date not later than June 1948).
  b. (24 March) Appointment of Mountbatten as a viceroy 
  c. (3 June) Mountabatten Plan for the partition of India
  d. (June) The Congress and the Muslim League accepted the Mountabatten Plan
  e. (4 July) Introduction of Indian Independence Bill 
  f. (15 July) Passing of Indian Independence Bill
  g. (15 Aug.) freedom to India

उम्मीद है आपको छत्तीसगढ़ के CHRONOLOGY OF MODERN HISTORY INDIA से संबंधित सारी जानकारी पसंद आई होगी।

आने वाले समय में आपको MODERN HISTORY INDIA के बारे में अन्य अपडेट भी इस लेख में मिलते रहेंगे ।

छत्तीसगढ़ लोक सेवा आयोग एवं छत्तीसगढ़ व्यापम संबंधित तथा छत्तीसगढ़ की अन्य सभी परीक्षाओं के बारे में जानकारी आपको सीजी पीएससी गुरुजी वेबसाइट में मिलती रहेगी । कृपया हमारे यूट्यूब चैनल को सब्सक्राइब करें और फेसबुक पेज को भी लाइक करे ताकि छत्तीसगढ़ की विभिन्न परीक्षाओं के बारे में आपको जानकारी मिलती रहे ।

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